December 29th, 2021 at 12:04 p.m. CET
The storm started on January 8th and 9th a “historic” snowfall like that State Meteorological Office (Aemet) without specifying how many years it would have to go back to see something similar, and what followed was a cold wave that was also “extraordinary” and lasted until Nov.
Almost a year after the adoption of the Storm Filomena which have left devastating traces in more than half of Spain and tons of snow on the streets of cities not used to these extreme phenomena, like Madrid or Malaga, the wounds remain open to the waiting for government aid, which will arrive in the first quarter of 2022.
Both phenomena killed four people (a couple in Malaga, a man in Madrid and another in Zaragoza), paralyzed the economy and reduced mobility to a minimum.
Roads blocked, drivers trapped, trains stopped, Inoperable airports, closed classrooms, and in some cases a new detention, reminding of the worst days of the pandemic, were some of the aftermaths of this disaster, including hundreds of thousands of trees that did not survive and as many that remained. beaten.
26% of the 1.7 million trees that the Madrid City Council has in nature conservation (440,987) were more or less severely affected, and 5% (94,115 specimens) fell through the loads of snow and ice or were felled because they could no longer be saved.
Although the forest masses are being decimated, specialists like the director of the National Heritage Gardens and Forests Service, Ángel Muñoz, believe that Filomena has served to produce a kind of “own natural selection”.
Help comes slowly
Two days after the cold spell was gone Council of Ministers agreed to the declaration of a disaster zone in eight autonomous communities (Andalusia, Madrid, Castile-La Mancha, Castile and León, Asturias, Aragon, La Rioja and Navarre), which included aid exempt from paying income tax when repairing damage to homes, businesses or public institutions, so that recovery is not delayed, and help with personal injury (death or disability).
On June 10, Congress approved the legislative decree extending aid to compensate for the damage caused by Filomena, including the agricultural sector, and four months later, on October 20, the Official Gazette published the Call for subsidies to alleviate the damage caused by the storm, for which the central government is allocating 251,830,793.
Damage to communal infrastructure and the road network of the provinces and islands in Andalusia, Aragon, Asturias, the Canary Islands, Cantabria, Castile and León, Castile-La Mancha, Madrid, Navarra, Valencian Community, La Rioja and Murcia was claimed.
The funding, which can be applied for until November 26th, should be Financing of up to 50% of the costs of projects directly related to the accident.
The Ministry of Territorial Policy has over the last few months one of the government delegations Estimated damage of over 505 million euros, and the Ministry’s grant would, according to this estimate, reach a maximum of 50% of the work, around 252 million euros, with the last adjustment bringing the total maximum to 251.8 million euros.
In the Autonomous Community of Madrid, the aid granted by Filomena to 79 municipalities amounts to 152,475,720 euroswhich makes up 60% of the total, as pointed out this week by the government delegate in Madrid, Mercedes González.
The second autonomy that Castile-La Mancha receives more subsidieswhere the city councils have 61,387,433 euros at their disposal; and in the Aragonese community 12,735,054 can be subsidized.
The worst disaster
Only in Madrid Filomena’s financial cost was 1,157 million euros, of which 505 million were insured and the rest uninsured, according to a report from the Aon Spain Foundation.
Mapfre, which provided 84 million euros to compensate its customers for the damage caused by the storm, He estimates that it was the worst disaster in Spain in its entire history.
According to this insurer Madrid and Castilla-La Mancha were the autonomous communities hardest hit by the stormas they focused on almost 80% of the claims and 93% of the total amount of compensation.
The main effects of Filomena
Although the most outstanding were due to their extraordinary nature and duration Snowfall that covered about half of SpainThe rains in Andalusia were also very important, especially in Malaga, where they became torrential in some places.
The large layer of snow that has deposited on the ground in the middle of the peninsula, with an average thickness between 30 and 50 centimeters, “absolutely extraordinary” caused one in large parts of this territory together with the establishment of an anticyclone on the peninsula “Extraordinary” cold spell that lasted the entire following week, from 11th to 17th, in which several temperature records of up to 26.5 degrees below zero were broken.