(Reuters) – Extreme fires have engulfed vast swaths of land, destroyed homes and threatened livelihoods around the world in the first half of 2022.
Below is a list of the major fires – once relatively rare events that scientists say have become increasingly frequent and violent, fueled by heat waves, droughts and the growing threat of climate change.
* A fire broke out in South Korea’s coastal Uljin district, threatening the Hanul nuclear power plant. /earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/149551/wildfires-char-south-korea to the services of NASA’s Earth Observatory.
* In Morocco, several fires raged in the provinces of Larache, Ouezzane, Tetouane and Taza. They burned nearly 5,000 acres, displacing thousands of people and killing one person.
* A fire broke out in a Czech national park on the German border on July 24 and was burning, according to a report https://www.gdacs.org/report.aspx?eventtype=WF&eventid=1007792 by the Global Disaster Warning and Coordination System (GDACS) .
* In France, wildfires raged in the southwestern Gironde region, burning down around 47,700 acres on July 19. About 34,000 people were evacuated.
* In Germany, on August 4, a fire at a munitions depot in west Berlin burned an area of forest almost the size of three football pitches, triggering explosions.
* In Greece, wildfire broke out on July 23 on the island of Lesvos, near Turkey. According to the European Space Agency, it consumed around 4,200.8 hectares. During this month, several fires raged near the city of Athens, as well as in the western Peloponnese, in northern Greece and on the island of Salamina.
* A fire broke out in Italy near Carso on July 20 and spread across the border into Slovenia. By July 21, it had burned over 5,000 acres.
Fire broke out in Tuscany on July 19, destroying 1,606 acres by July 20.
* In Portugal, wildfire in the municipality of Murca consumed about 24,711 to 29,653 acres and killed two people.
In early July, multiple forest fires broke out in the municipality of Ourém, burning down over 7,413.1 acres, according to a report by Copernicus, the EU’s emergency management service.
* In Spain, as of July 19, more than 30 wildfires were still ravaging parts of the country. Authorities focused on fires in Castile and Leon and Galicia.
On July 18, a fire broke out in the province of Zaragoza, burning about 4,942 acres, according to a Copernicus report https://emergency.copernicus.eu/mapping/list-of-components/EMSR597.
Earlier, a fire broke out in Zamora province, burning at least 49,421 acres of land.
On June 8, firefighters managed to stabilize a wildfire in Málaga province that devastated 8,600 acres of forest and bushes.
* In Turkey, wildfire broke out in Mugla province along the Aegean coast on July 13. Almost 1,800 acres were devastated and about 3,530 people were evacuated.
* In Canada, a fire broke out in British Columbia on July 14, burning nearly 2,000 acres.
* In the United States, the so-called McKinney Fire in northern California near the Oregon border has charred 56,000 acres, forcing about 4,500 residents to flee and killing four people.
Oak Fire west of California’s Yosemite National Park burned 19,244 acres on July 26, and about 3,700 homes had to be evacuated.
On July 8, a fire broke out in a part of Yosemite National Park, home to some of the world’s largest and oldest sequoia trees. According to a report https://inciweb.nwcg.gov/incident/article/8209/69630 by InciWeb, a US multi-agency all-risk incident information management system, as of July 13, blazes had engulfed 3,772 acres.
On April 17, the Arizona Pipeline Fire burned over 20,000 acres and caused more than 2,100 homes to be evacuated.
In New Mexico, the largest fire was the merger of the Hermits Peak Fire and the Calf Canyon Fire in San Miguel and Santa Fe counties, which started on 6 InciWeb https://inciweb.nwcg.gov/incident/8049.
In California, the Colorado Fire began on January 21, burning about 1,500 acres on January 22.
* In Argentina, the Corrientes wildfires in Corrientes province, near the border with Paraguay, began in February and devastated about 2,223,948 acres of nature. It crowded out or killed wild animals like capybaras and alligators.
NOTE: For this list, a fire is classified as “extreme” after burning 1,000 or more acres.
(Reporting by Dina Kartit; Editing by Lasocki Boleslaw, David Gregorio, Ed Osmond and Susan Fenton)