Constitution Day in Denmark | The Mayor.EU

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Constitution Day in Denmark

It commemorates the anniversary of the signing of the Constitution in 1849

Constitution Day (Grundlovsdag) in Denmark is celebrated on 5.the June every year. The date commemorates the anniversary of the 1849 signing of the Danish Constitution by Fredrik VII, which established the country as a constitutional monarchy.

Origin of the Constitutional Law

The Danish throne is the oldest in Europe and the third oldest in the world, it was erected in the X century. Up until the 17th century, most government decisions in Denmark were made by the monarchs. Every member of the monarchy was obliged to sign the Haandfæstning, in which he promised to rule fairly.

With the Constitutional Law of Denmark, signed by King Frederik VII on June 5, 1849, Denmark became a constitutional monarchy. This effectively undermined the absolute power of the monarchy by placing the decision-making process in the hands of the heads of government.

Since then, in addition to the royal power of the king, there have been three types of power in Denmark: legislative, executive and judicial. After the first, four constitutions were written and signed. None of them had changes, but each was replaced by its successor.

Many cities and towns in Denmark hold festivals on Constitution Day. Students, graduates, bands and organizations march in parades behind the bright red and white of the Danish flag.

Today you will see flags on many buildings across Denmark. Authorities, banks, educational institutions and shops are closed.

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